Bhutan’s extensive bird list reflects the kingdom’s wide range of agro-ecological environments, from subtropical to alpine. Currently 667 species have been recorded in Bhutan. Most widely known are the Black Neck Cranes, a rare and endangered crane. In Bhutan, the Black Neck Crane holds a special place in folklore and Bhutanese hearts. To injure a Black Neck Crane in Bhutan is go to prison for life.
For bird watchers, Bhutan is a dream, with a stunning 667 species found, including many that are globally threatened. The rich diversity of Bhutan’s bird species is mainly due to its moist climate, wide altitude ranging (from 200m in the south to over 7000m in the north), low population density, vast forest cover, and the government’s strict conservation policy. Although the country is only about 100 miles wide by 200 miles long, it is one of the most beautiful and diverse natural regions anywhere in the world, from peaks of perpetual snow to dense tropical jungles. Above all, it is unbelievably green: Some 72% of the land is enveloped by thick forests, lending even more grandeur to the valleys and rugged hillside.